Retrospective Study

Evaluation of Preoperative Cardiology Consultations: Incidence, Characteristics and Implications for Perioperative Management

Alioui Mohamed, Eljellouli Wiam, Houmed Houssein, Elghali Tanae, Choubhi Moncif and Abou Elalaa Khalil*

Published: 14 August, 2023 | Volume 8 - Issue 2 | Pages: 100-103

Background: This retrospective study examines the importance of preoperative cardiology consultations in optimizing patient care and anesthesia surgical perioperative management.
Methods: The study includes 7,756 patients from the Department of Anesthesiology at Mohammed V Military Teaching Hospital. Out of these, 122 patients were referred to cardiology consultations. Demographics, surgical specialties, reasons for referral, diagnostic tests, and interventions were analyzed.
Results: Referred patients (average age 61.45 years) were mainly over 65 years old, with 59.01% being male. Common surgical specialties seeking consultations were abdominal surgery (30.327%), orthopedic surgery (26.230%), and urological surgery (19.672%). Hypertension, dyslipidemia, and diabetes were prevalent risk factors. Most patients were classified as ASA II (50%) or ASA III (27.04%), with NYHA I (61.5%) or NYHA II (31.2%) classifications. Referrals were due to ECG abnormalities (41.0%), routine evaluation (19.7%), and history of myocardial infarction or previous coronary angiography (39.3%).
Discussion: Preoperative cardiology consultations accounted for 1.57% of all pre-anesthesia clinic patients. They were vital in assessing and managing cardiovascular risks, consistent with previous studies. The impact of these consultations was evident in optimizing patient management through treatment plan adjustments and interventions.
Conclusion: Preoperative cardiology consultations play a crucial role in identifying and managing cardiovascular risks, contributing significantly to patient care and improving perioperative management. Further research should evaluate long-term outcomes and cost-effectiveness across different patient populations.

Read Full Article HTML DOI: 10.29328/journal.jccm.1001160 Cite this Article Read Full Article PDF


Preoperative cardiology consultation; Surgical outcomes; Cardiovascular risk assessment; Perioperative management


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